Net neutrality in Europe

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However, the regulation's text has been criticized as offering loopholes that can undermine the regulation's effectiveness. However, the European Commission highlighted that Europe's current legal framework cannot effectively prevent network operators from degrading their customers' services. The Globe and Mail]. The bill is generally about Internet "a statute for the Internet" and treat different topics like network neutrality, free software, giving an Internet access to everyone. Retrieved 26 December The bill refuses all the discrimination: Retrieved 15 June

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This makes commercial sense because 5G is about four times as "spectrally efficient" as 4G, according to Petty, and therefore a less costly option. Lowering operating expenses may be the only way to improve margins, in this mobile broadband scenario, as Vodafone does not expect consumer spending to rise with the introduction of 5G.

Monday, June 18, What if autonomous vehicles actually make us more dependent on cars? What if autonomous vehicles actually make us more dependent on cars?

And there are lots of unanswered questions about how urban systems will work with the introduction of self-driving vehicles. If they are programmed to stop whenever a pedestrian or cyclist gets in their way, there will be pressure to further separate vehicles, pedestrians and cyclists. The vision of future cities in the s may then start to look more and more like the vision of the s, with futuristic new models dominating the foreground, while human activities such as walking and cycling are relegated to concrete overpasses and gloomy subways.

One of the main challenges in interpreting and implementing this law within Chile has been the regular practice of zero-rating, in which certain telecommunications providers prioritize certain applications through free data. Although this practice was initially characterized as a breach of net neutrality by the regulatory body the Subsecretariat of Telecommunications Subtel , zero-rating is still practiced by mobile telephone companies as part of their subscription offers.

We are aiming to complete our evidence gathering phase in this investigation by July Digital Economy Act s. The European Parliament voted the EU Commission's September proposal on its first reading in April and the Council adopted a mandate to negotiate in March After 18 months of negotiations, the European Parliament, Council and Commission reached two agreements on the end to roaming charges and on the first EU-wide rules on net neutrality on 30 June , [10] to be completed by an overhaul of EU telecoms rules in However, the regulation's text has been criticized as offering loopholes that can undermine the regulation's effectiveness.

The EU has laid down a framework on net neutrality, but some of EU states have stronger laws nationally, or are discussing passing them. However Neelie Kroes , former European Commissioner for Digital Agenda , has asked "national legislators and regulators to wait for better evidence before regulating on an uncoordinated, country-by-country basis that slows down the creation of a Digital Single Market ". Senator Vimercati in an interview said that he wants "to do something for the network neutrality" and that he was inspired by Lawrence Lessig, Professor at the Stanford Law School.

Vimercati said that the topic is very hard, but in the article 3 there is a reference to the concept of neutrality regard the contents. It is also a problem of transparency and for the mobile connections: We need some principle to defend the consumers. It's important that the consumer has been informed if he could not access all the Internet. The bill refuses all the discrimination: The bill is generally about Internet "a statute for the Internet" and treat different topics like network neutrality, free software, giving an Internet access to everyone.

On June 4, , the Netherlands became the first country in Europe and the second in the world, after Chile, to enact a network neutrality law. In , Plusnet was using deep packet inspection to implement limits and differential charges for peer-to-peer, file transfer protocol , and online game traffic.

In , Germany mobile device ISP's like Deutsche Telekom and Vodafone are offering services that seems like to affect net neutrality. The government agency overseeing the market Bundesnetzagentur stated, in general these plans are in alignment with net neutrality but forced the companies to adapt some changes.

European net neutrality law has been criticised for leaving too many loopholes to be exploited, as amendments to close them failed to gain enough support across the European Parliament.

Some loopholes include the ability to offer priority to "specialised services", provided they still treat the "open" internet equally. Such limits include remote surgery , driverless cars and anti-terrorism efforts. The law does however say these cannot be offered if they restrict bandwidth for normal users.

Another exemption is giving websites a " Zero-rating ", not counting a website again a users's data limits, giving an advantage to those sites on metered connections. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. Net neutrality in the Netherlands. Retrieved 16 February Archived from the original on 13 February Retrieved 26 December Digital Agenda for Europe.

Retrieved 14 September Retrieved 23 June Ci vuole una legge per la Rete". Staatsblad van het Koninkrijk der Nederlanden in Dutch.

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